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5 Stages Of Academic Essay Writing Process

If you want to become proficient at writing academic essays, you should consider following an established essay writing process. This will help you get started and move through all the writing with a smooth style. The following process is comprised of 5 steps; some of them overlap but you can mix them around a bit of you need to. For example, some students know exactly what they want to write about before they even start writing. They have the topic chosen and most of the research done.

If this isn’t you, you may need to do the research first in order to narrow down the topic. So the 5 steps can be done in the order that best suits your needs.

  1. The pre-writing stage. In this step you will need to answer the following questions: Who is my audience? What are my readers looking for? What is my purpose? What questions will my essay answer Choose your topic and make it narrow enough to cover it adequately in the scope and length of your essay. Brainstorm ideas and start writing them down.
  2. Forming an outline. Some people call it a cluster. But no matter what it’s called, basically it’s an organization of the main points into a logical order. Each main point then has several supporting points. There is an intro, the body and the summary or conclusion. It makes it so much easier to write once the outline is done because it’s a guideline for you to follow as you write.
  3. The rough draft. Start writing the essay! Get all your thoughts onto paper (or the computer screen) without worrying about spelling or punctuation or anything. Just getting them out of your head and onto the essay is the main objective here. Once that’s done, you can arrange them a bit to fit the outline as well as polish them up a bit as you go.
  4. Edit and revise. This greatly improves your essay. You can look over the content. Is it adequate? Have you written enough in each section? Does the organization of the content make sense? Does the paper give adequate support to the thesis? Is the essay clear and organized? Edit for spelling, sentence structure etc.
  5. The final copy! It would be advisable to have another person read it over and give you some feedback before you hand it in. Don’t print out your best copy yet in case they find something important that you missed. Congratulations you’re done!

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